Who does What in a New Home Build?
Home Building Series: Who does What in a New Home Build?
Find out the in’s and out’s of the Home Pro’s involved with your new home build.
Starting the process of building a new home can be overwhelming. Finding out key details in the process of building a home from scratch will allow you to have confidence in the process and start the journey with a strong step forward. We have listed the key professionals and their responsibilities that you can expect to be part of the process from Point A – Z.
The Home Builder Company
Your home building firm and its key staff (more on that below) select and manage the teams of trade contractors who build each component or system within your home. They will also closely monitor and manage the progress and quality of your home at each step of construction and overall.
Everything to do with building your home starts with the land. Real estate developers are constantly looking for available land (or property not yet on the market) that’s suitable for a new home neighborhood. That might be an open field, wooded land or a mountainous area with dramatic views.
A developer may invest years — and large amounts of money — patiently acquiring individual parcels of land from many owners, assembling the final building site for a large new home community.
The developer creates an overall plan for the community that includes the type of homebuyers to target and thus what types of new homes to build. Based on this information, the developer then selects builders for the new community and creates a detailed master plan that identifies the size, type, and price range of new homes to be built.
Next, the developer will prepare the site for building. In many cases, the first step is obtaining entitlements — government approvals needed to build on the property. The site may need to be re-zoned for single-family and/or multi-family homes. And since new homes bring an influx of new students, the local school board may need to sign off on the project.
Once the neighborhood’s master plan has been approved, the developer will have the land graded for proper drainage and erosion control and install the community’s roads and underground infrastructure such as water, sewer and utilities. Next, come streets, curbs, sidewalks, street lights, signs, and fire hydrants — all the important details that create a community, which builders and ultimately homeowners will share and rely upon.
The developer may also provide community amenities — such as a community clubhouse, pool, fitness center, walking trails, playground or even a dog park. When these steps have been completed, the developer generally sells so-called finished lots to home builders who are approved to build in the community.
The architect will design new home plans (or tailor existing plans) to work well on these lots. You’ll choose from this library of floorplans when shopping for a new home in the community. When designing each home, the architect will take into account the lot’s location, topography, the direction it faces, its relationship to other lots and environmental and weather factors.
The architect will also design each home to harmonize with other homes in your neighborhood, so each home complements and adds value to other homes nearby. With the home plans now finalized, let’s take a look at key roles in the firm that will build your home.
Sales Consultant (This may be a Realtor in some cases)
No one is more expert about all of the key details than your sales consultant. He or she has detailed knowledge of the new home community and the surrounding area (including nearby shopping, schools, restaurants and more). Your sales consultant will have answers to your questions regarding the builder, the home plans offered, the lots available, the builder’s unique approach to construction and energy efficiency, what features are standard, what options and upgrades are offered, and a whole lot more.
Your design consultant will help you make key design selections such as flooring (tile, hardwood, vinyl and carpet), cabinetry and countertops. In addition, you’ll likely choose appliances, lighting and plumbing fixtures, and even wiring options such as home automation and security systems. Many builders offer a range of structural changes. These can range from a bay window, to a three-car garage, or even a bonus room that can be built as an additional bedroom, study or media room.
Work closely with each trade contractor, building products suppliers and key employees of the home building firm.
• Help coordinate tasks such as purchasing building materials and scheduling their delivery.
• Schedule trade contractors in sequential order as construction progresses.
• Ensure each trade contractor crew finishes their task on time and turns over a quality, completed phase of construction to the next trade contractor crew in the process. Managing these hand-offs is a key part of the building process.
• Schedule inspections, ensure quality control, and make sure everyone adheres to the architect’s building plans.
Key Home Contractors
Here is a condensed list of the many individual home contractors that you may expect to be involved with the construction of the new home. It is important to inform the Home Builder if there is a specific contractor that you would like to use. Many times Home Builders use contractors that you are familiar with so this may not be an option in all cases, however, it is good to ask if you are interested in using a specific home contractor that you know and trust.
- Site Preparation and Grading
- The foundation: If your home has a basement, this contractor will handle that as well.
- Framing: These contractors build the exterior walls, the roof and the framework for interior walls. They also install windows and exterior doors.
- Exterior Work: siding, stucco or brickwork
- Heating – Ventilation and Air Conditioning, commonly referred to as HVAC. This specialty also handles installing insulation.
- Drywall (often called Sheetrock): When they’re finished, you’ll have actual walls and ceilings in your house.
- Painting: Exterior and Interior.
- Kitchen and Bathroom: Interior trim, cabinetryand countertops
- Flooring and Carpet
- Cement Laying: Driveway and Walkways
In conclusion, there are many home contractors that are involved with the process of building your dream home. It is important to understand that you have asked the Home Builder all prevalent questions before the home build starts. There may be unexpected occurrences along the way and it is important to know how the Home Builder will respond to any unexpected occurrence.
If you have any questions regarding the process or need further assistance.